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  Sanford Vet clinic Sanford Vet clinic  
FIV

August 2011
 
IN THIS ISSUE

1. Pet of the month competition
2. Winter delights hold chill warning
3. Have you heard?
4. Case study: feline leukaemia
5. Could you recognise the early signs of heart failure in your dog?
6. Prevent stinky breath in your pet
7. A bad hair day



1. Pet of the month competition

Sanford Veterinary Clinic and ‘Cammi' the Clinic cat would love you to enter your pet in our new ‘Pet of the month' Competition. Each month we will upload your pet's photo onto our Facebook page with a short description of them. You can do this by sending your photo to our email address This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Each month we choose one winner and you will receive fantastic prizes. The prizes can include; dog or cat biscuits, flea products, shampoos, beds and some fun toys for your pet. Your pet's photo and a short story will then be published in the next month's newsletter that we send our clients through email. To ensure you get the newsletter go to our website www.sanfordvet.com.au and enter in your email address. We look forward to seeing your pet's photos sometime soon.

Pet of the Month winner for June

Cammi the clinic cat and all the team at Sanford Veterinary Clinic would like to congratulate ‘Miss Marple' enjoying the sun sent in by her owner Donelle winner of the Pet of the Month photo competition for June! They have won a bag of Royal Canin cat food, a Frontline Umbrella (no cat likes to get wet), a mug, Frontline timer, a new stylish Pet Tag for Miss Marple's collar, notepad and soft cat toy. Enjoy!

Join Sanford Vet Clinic on Facebook online!



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2. Winter delights hold chill warning

The rains have finally come and with it a change in the seasons. The countryside is changing and putting on a green cloak. A cool crispness in the air adds to the friskiness of dogs everywhere as they enjoy their rambling walks in the pre-dawn morning light which holds the promise of another new and exciting day.

Taking the dog for a morning walk is a great way to start both your day and theirs but such winter delights mask one of the greatest seasonal threats facing our canine friends, parvovirus.

Every winter sees a large increase in unvaccinated dogs suffering from parvovirus. Last year in Geraldton was particularly bad. This is one of the most dangerous infections dogs can be exposed to. Even with the very best treatment, some dogs/puppies will not survive when infected.

There is no treatment to kill the virus once it infects the dog. The virus causes loss of the lining of the intestinal tract. This results in bloody, foul smelling diarrhoea, severe dehydration, and infection in the bloodstream (septicemia). With the loss of intestinal lining, bacteria that normally live in the intestinal tract are able to get into the blood stream resulting in the likely death of the animal.

Vaccination is the only way to protect your dog against parvovirus infection. All puppies should receive their first vaccination 6 to 8 weeks of age. Your puppy will then need a second vaccination at 10 to 12 weeks of age. This booster vaccine is vital to give your puppy maximum protection against parvovirus.

Twelve Months after the last puppy vaccination, your dog will require a booster vaccination every year for life.

If your dog has not had its booster vaccine in the last 12 months, get it done now, you could just be saving its life.



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3. Have you heard?

Are you aware that your cat can get AIDS? Feline AIDS is caused by infection with Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Here are some facts:

  • Healthy cats contract the infection through being bitten by an FIV positive cat
  • The virus lives in the blood of the infected cat and is carried in its system throughout its life
  • Cats infected with FIV may remain healthy for a number of years. For some cats, eventually the immune system becomes too weak to fight off other infections or diseases
  • Even though this feline virus is related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), no human has ever been reported to be infected with FIV
  • Australia has one of the highest prevalence rates for this infection in the world; studies show that between 14%-29% of cats in Australia test positive to FIV infection
  • There is no treatment or cure for FIV however there is a vaccine available that can help prevent infection

Ask us about the best vaccination program for your cat and find out more here.



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4. Case study: feline leukaemia

We’d like to introduce you to our case study series. Over the next few months we’ll be informing you about interesting diseases that can affect our pets. Our first case involves Felix.

Species: Feline
Age: 12 years old
Colour: Ginger
Signs: Loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhoea

A veterinary examination revealed Felix had enlarged lymph nodes and a fever. Blood tests at the laboratory confirmed that Felix was infected with feline leukaemia virus.

Cats may be infected with the virus but not all infected cats show signs of disease. Feline leukaemia virus affects the cat's body in many ways. It is a common cause of cancer in cats, it may cause blood disorders, and it can affect the cat’s immune system, hindering the cat's ability to protect itself against other infections.

Infected cats shed the virus in their saliva and urine so cat-to-cat transfer generally occurs from prolonged close contact (such as mutual grooming, shared water or food bowls and litter trays). Transmission can also take place from an infected mother cat to her kittens either before they are born or via milk.

There is a vaccine available for uninfected cats. Unfortunately this is not going to help Felix but his housemate Milo is going to be given the vaccine to help reduce the risk of infection with the virus. Felix will be receiving supportive care to make his life more comfortable.

Ask us about the feline leukaemia virus vaccine for your cat.



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5. Could you recognise the early signs of heart failure in your dog?

About 1 in 10 dogs seen by vets suffer from heart disease. Knowing the early signs of heart failure can make a big difference to your dog’s life. It means you can seek medical help from us and we can then start treatment early, achieving a better quality of life for your dog.

Heart failure affects the pumping mechanism of the heart. It is often referred to as congestive failure as it results in pooling of blood in the lungs.

The signs to look out for include:

  • Coughing, especially at night
  • Laboured or fast breathing
  • A reluctance to exercise and tiring more easily on walks
  • An enlarged abdomen
  • Weight loss or poor appetite
  • Weakness or fainting associated with exercise


Without treatment, heart failure gets progressively worse, dogs become unwell and are not able to function normally. If you think your dog is showing one or more of the above signs, it is important that we see your dog for an examination. For more information click here.

 



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6. Prevent stinky breath in your pet

If you’ve ever been up close to your pet and noticed bad breath it is not something you should turn your back on. Dental disease is one of the most common problems we see in dogs and cats and research tells us that as many as 80% of pets develop some form of dental disease.

When we examine your pet, it is important that we look out for infection and gingivitis caused by an accumulation of tartar and plaque. Many pets will require a general anesthetic and will need to have their teeth cleaned. In some cases it is necessary to remove diseased teeth. These are relatively routine procedures and will help your pet live a healthier and pain free life. Click here to find out more.

The choice of diet plays an important role in preventing dental disease as food acts as a natural toothbrush for the teeth. There are specific dental diets available to help prevent plaque and tartar build up, cleaning the tooth as your pet crunches on the kibble. Dental chews are also and easy and safe way to clean your pet’s teeth and can help to relieve boredom.

We are happy to discuss dental care for your pet at any time.



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7. A bad hair day

Do you ever find yourself covered in pet hair? Are you constantly vacuuming it up or finding it in every corner of your house or stuck to your pants after sitting on the couch?

Shedding is a normal event in the life of your dog or cat. It is influenced by the amount of daylight your pet is exposed to. An increased amount of sunlight in the day triggers shedding.

Stress and illness can increase shedding as can a poor diet. A chronically ill pet that is shedding may also suffer skin problems.

What can you do about shedding?

1. Brush or comb your pet on a regular basis to remove dead hair. Ask us for the best tools available

2. Don’t skimp with a quality diet, stick with one of the premium brands that provides all the essential nutrients for healthy skin and coat

3. To prevent stripping the natural oils of the coat, bathe your dog no more than every 2 weeks and use a gentle pet approved shampoo

4. Don't let your pet get fat. Obese pets have difficulty grooming

Click here to see a cat who is not so keen on hair care



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Sanford Vet clinic


42 Sanford St
Geraldton, WA 6530

PH: 9921 1797


www.sanfordvet.com.au
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